Walking for Awareness

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Marietta's Muskingum Park was the starting point for an awareness walk, sponsored by the Mid-Ohio Valley Breast Coalition.

Speakers also discussed the disease, and educational materials were available.

Organizers say breast cancer is easier than ever to detect when done early.

"We can catch it at the size of a dot on a pin. In the past, people were coming in with softball-size lesions. If we can catch them early and treat them at that point, there's a good chance the woman or the man will survive," says Becky Eaton of the MOV Breast Coalition.

Marietta Memorial Hospital reported more than 600 new breast cancer cases at its Strecker Cancer Center in the past 10 years.

That number is one-fifth of its total cancer cases during that time.

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Breast Cancer Awareness

  • October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month

    • The third Friday in October each year is National Mammography Day. Learn which facilities in your area are taking part in this Oct. 19 event:
      • American Cancer Society: (800) 227-2345

      • The Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation: (800) 462-9273

      • National Alliance of Breast Cancer (NABCO): (888) 80-NABCO

      • Y-ME National Breast Cancer Organization: (800) 221-2141

      What Factors Increase Your Risk for Breast Cancer

      • Having a personal history of a prior breast cancer.

      • Evidence of a specific genetic change increases susceptibility to breast cancer.

      • Having a mother, sister, daughter, or two or more close relatives, such as cousins, with a history of breast cancer, especially if diagnosed at a young age.

      • A diagnosis of a breast condition that may predispose a woman to breast cancer, or a history of two or more breast biopsies for benign breast disease.

      • Women age 45 or older that have at least 75 percent dense tissue on a mammogram are at some increased risk.

      • A slight increase in risk for breast cancer is associated with having a first birth at age 30 or older.

      What Can You Do?

      • If you are in your 40s or older, get a mammogram on a regular basis, every one to two years.

      • Talk with your doctor or nurse about planning your personal schedule for screening mammograms and breast exams.

      • Gather as much information as you can about your family history of cancer, breast cancer, and screening mammograms.

      • Call the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service for more information about breast cancer and mammograms at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237). People with TTY equipment, dial 1-800-332-8615.

      Alternate Forms of Breast Cancer Treatment

      • There are many ways to treat breast cancer, and these are the four main types:
        • surgery
        • radiation therapy
        • chemotherapy
        • hormone therapy

      • Most patients with breast cancer have surgery to remove the cancer from the breast. Usually, some of the lymph nodes under the arm are also taken out and looked at under a microscope to see if there are any cancer cells.

      • There are many different kinds of operations used; lumpectomy, partial or segmental mastectomy, total or simple mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy and radical mastectomy.

      • Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

      • Radiation therapy may come from a machine outside the body (external radiation therapy), or from putting materials that produce radiation through thin plastic tubes into the area where the cancer cells are found (internal radiation therapy).

      • Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, and is called a systemic treatment because the drugs enter the bloodstream, travel through the body, and can kill cancer cells outside the breast area.

      • Chemotherapy may be taken by mouth or it may be put into the body by inserting a needle into a vein or muscle.

      • Biological therapy tries to get the body to fight cancer. It uses materials made by the body or made in a laboratory to boost, direct, or restore the body's natural defenses against disease.

      • Biological therapy such as bone marrow transplantation, and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation are being tested in clinical trials.

      Source: http://www.meds.com/pdq/breast_pat.html (National Cancer Institute Web Site)