UPDATE: 12/11/2014 5:55 PM
CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) - Changes to West Virginia's juvenile justice system could reduce the number of youthful offenders confined in places like detention centers and psychiatric facilities by at least 40 percent in five years, while cutting state costs by at least $59 million, a state task force says.
The West Virginia Intergovernmental Task Force on Juvenile Justice released its recommendations Thursday. They include more early intervention and diversion programs in schools, enhanced community services to give judges more options, better data collection and a focus on reoffender prevention.
Sen. William Laird, a Fayette County Democrat and task force member, noted that West Virginia has been a "true outlier" in youthful incarceration trends.
The Mountain State nearly doubled the rate at which it sent youths to juvenile facilities from 1997 to 2011, a stark contrast to decreases nationwide. Only three other states had increases: Nebraska, North Dakota and Idaho. West Virginia's rate increased the most.
The report says that between 2002 and 2012, referrals to juvenile courts increased by 124 percent for status offenses, such as truancy, which wouldn't be a crime if committed by an adult. In 2012, excessive unexcused school absences accounted for 40 percent of referrals.
The number of status offenders put in out-of-home custody jumped 255 percent from 2002 to 2012. More than half of the youth put in Department of Health and Human Resources facilities in 2012 were status offenders, according to the report by the panel, which received technical support from The Pew Charitable Trusts.
The report says it costs more than $100,000 annually per youth to keep offenders in out-of-home facilities, ranging from detention centers to psychiatric facilities.
The panel suggested ideas like requiring probation officers in schools to address truancy, using the West Virginia National Guard's quasi-military program for at-risk youth more often, adding youth reporting centers and dealing with truancy less severely for students 11 years old or younger.
Status offenders and misdemeanor-level youth should be placed in community services, while youth placed in residential facilities should be transitioned to community services within 30 days to three months, the report states.
The American Civil Liberties Union of West Virginia said the proposed reforms don't go far enough.
State ACLU Executive Director Jennifer Meining suggested allowing 10 unexcused school absences per school year before referring a student to juvenile court, versus the current five-day threshold.
Lawmakers will consider the report's suggestions during the January-to-March legislative session.
The governor has cited successes in the state Justice Reinvestment Act, which focuses on community-based supervision, risk assessments, investment in drug courts and other community-based treatment options for substance abuse.
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ORIGINAL STORY: June 18, 2014
Looking to keep juveniles out of detention centers.
West Virginia joins the Pew Charitable Trust Study.
Governor Earl Ray Tomblin, three West Virginia Supreme Court Justices and state lawmakers announced that initiative Wednesday.
The study reviews the division of juvenile services, department of health and human resources and department of education's programs.
This all after the state's doubled number of juveniles.
"To get proper training and substance abuse, programs in place for our juveniles that face criminal charges so that they can come out of the system, not re-offend, not be a feeder for the adult system," says Delegate John Ellem.
Tomblin expects the review to be complete by December, allowing for suggestions during the January to March legislative session.
West Virginia had the highest rates than the other three states with increases which are Nebraska, North Dakota and Idaho.